The Second Capital of the Empire

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Where I stayed
Ottoman Hotel, Kadirga Cadesi

Flag of Turkey  ,
Sunday, November 11, 2007

Very much like 5th Avenue divides New York into West-side and East-side, Bosporus Strait divides Istanbul into Rumelia and Anadolu, Turkish corruption of Greek word Anatolia, which simply means East or (Sun)rise..
The difference being that Rumelia, now the Western, European part of The City, in older times was extended all the way to the Spain and Roman colony of Britannia. By the way, The City -- Istan Poli, was accepted by Turks as Istanbul.

the Byzantines referred to the city with a large range of honorary appellations, such as the "Queen of Cities" (Βασιλὶς τῶν πόλεων). In popular speech, however, the most common way of referring to it came to be simply The City (Greek: hē Polis, ἡ Πόλις, Modern Greek: i Poli, η Πόλη). This usage, still current today in colloquial Greek and Armenian (Պոլիս, pronounced "Bolis" in the Western Armenian dialect prevalent in the city), also became the source of the later Turkish name, Istanbul (see below).

It derives from the Greek phrase "εις την Πόλιν" or "στην Πόλη" [istimbolin], both meaning "in the "in the city" or "to the city";
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