Trip Start Oct 04, 2007
Trip End Feb 03, 2008

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Flag of United States  , North Carolina
Saturday, November 3, 2007

Today we visited the Fort Fisher museum.  This Fort was occupied by the Confederates for most of the war and its loss to the Union forces signalled the end of the war.  It was an earth fort which withstood the "modern" artillery better than brick forts did.  At the start of the war, President Lincoln ordered a blockade of all Southern Ports as the South did not have manufacturing capacity so had to sell goods such as cotton, rice, indigo and naval stores (tar, turpentine and other items needed by Navies to maintain their fleets) to England and Europe so they could buy supplies for the soldiers and general population.  More and more ports were successfully blockaded.  The port at Wilmington was very hard to blockade as Cape Fear River had two inlets several miles apart meaning that the Union blockade ships had to try and cover a distance of about 50 miles.  The majority of ships running the blockade managed to evade the Union ships.  But in January 1865 the Union mounted an overwhelming attack and captured the Fort and thus the last port available to the Confederates.  We took a tour of the Museum then stayed to read up on the events.  Tom bought a book about women who disguised themselves as men so they could enlist.  They had various reasons, including wanting some excitement in their otherwise humdrum lives!
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