Saturday April 20
Trip Start Apr 18, 2013
83Trip End Jul 09, 2013
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Then we went back to sleep and woke just in time for 7:15 English breakfast.
We got to Stonehenge before the carpark even opened. Bought an English Heritage pass for the next 9 days. Stonehenge was good especially using the hand held audio information.
We also did Durrington Walls, Woodhenge, Avebury henge, west Kennet long burrow, the sanctuary circle and finally Old Sarum.
The day started cold, foggy and raining. By lunchtime the sun was out and it turned into a glorious day
The locals were out in their tshirts. I (Susie) stripped down to three layers - a short sleeved thermal, long sleeved thermal and mountain design top plus scarf and gloves.
New Sarum, today's Salisbury, is a medieval example of a planned town designed in a grid or chequer pattern. Five rivers converge here. Salisbury was granted its charter in 1227 by Henry III, to allow weekly markets and annual fairs to take place.
Walking tour: The Guildhall, Queen Street, Poultry Cross (a market cross from the mid fifteenth century), Haunch of Venison (14th century ale house), St Thomas's Church, The Town Mill, Church House, High Street, mitre House, High Street Gate, The Cathedral Close built in 1682, Mompesson House town house built in 1701, Cathedral Church of the Virgin Mary, St Ann's Gate, Coaching Inns.
Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, about 2 miles west of Amesbury and 8 miles north of Salisbury
Construction started: 2600 BC
Opened: 2400 BC
Durrington Walls is the site of a large Neolithic settlement and later henge enclosure located in the Stonehenge World Heritage Site. It is 2 miles north-east of Stonehenge in the parish of Durrington, just north of Amesbury.
Built during the late Neolithic sometime around 2500BC the bank and ditch now covered with grass and bushes form the largest henge monument in Britain measuring some 520 metres north-south by 450 metres east-west.
Woodhenge is a Neolithic Class II henge and timber circle monument located in the Stonehenge World Heritage Site in Wiltshire, England. It is 2 miles north-east of Stonehenge in the parish of Durrington, just north of Amesbury. Woodhenge is a true henge with a bank and an internal ditch.
Dating from 2300 BC, Woodhenge is thought to have marked a particular stage in the evolution of human religious belief and community organisation.
Avebury is a Neolithic henge monument containing three stone circles, around the village of Avebury in Wiltshire, in southwest England
West Kennet Long Barrow
The West Kennet Long Barrow is a Neolithic tomb or barrow, situated on a prominent chalk ridge, near Silbury Hill, one-and-a-half miles south of Avebury in Wiltshire, England. Built in around 3650 BC, it was used for a short time as a burial chamber, nearly 50 people being buried here before the chambers were blocked.
Begun in about 3000 BC, the Sanctuary was originally a complex circular arrangement of timber posts, which were later replaced by stones. These components are now indicated by concrete slabs. Its function remains a mystery: possibly it enshrined the dwelling place of some revered person, and certainly huge numbers of human bones were found here, accompanied by food remains suggesting elaborate death rites and ceremonies. Later,West Kennet Avenue was constructed to connect it with newly-built Avebury, reinforcing the status of this enigmatic but clearly very important site.
Old Sarum, Salisbury
Believed to have been an Iron Age fortification, Old Sarum was used again by the Saxons and flourished as a walled town into the Middle Ages. The Normans built a cathedral and a castle here; parts of the old cathedral were taken down to build the city of New Sarum (Salisbury).
Old Sarum is one of the most enthralling and historically important sites in southern England. Uniquely, it combines a royal castle and cathedral within an Iron Age fortification, and for 150 years was a major centre of both secular and ecclesiastical government. Neither castle nor cathedral was occupied for long: in 1226 the cathedral was moved to Salisbury, although the castle remained an administrative centre into the 14th century. Old Sarum lived on, however, as a notorious ‘rotten borough’ which continued to elect members of Parliament until 1832.
About 1:30 in the morning we Skyped with Ash, Mon and Addi. It was so good to see them. Addi sang a beautiful song about under the sea. It was about 4 verses and she sang it confidently and with actions. So clever.