Historial Town, Unique Music and Sunset
Trip Start Sep 05, 2011
19Trip End Sep 27, 2011
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We drove on the major highway for 3 hours to reach Zadar - I would have liked to take the coastal road but I guess that would have taken too long. We first checked into my hotel which was an all-inclusive but I was only there on part board for breakfast so they charged me for the towels etc. I cannot understand it being an all-inclusive, at least not the room I was in as it was as big as a postage stamp and did not have a dresser but cubes along the wall sort of Ikea like but not as well made. The bathroom was so small that when I showered it sprayed the toilet. The only redeeming feature was the pool which was very large and the beer which was cool if expensive. We were only able to see the outside of the St. Anastasia major cathedral but I got inside St. Mary’s church and took three pictures of photographs on the wall showing how the church looked in l905, 1945 after being bombed int the war and 1980 after it was repair. Got one picture of the main altar and was then was asked to leave because the nuns were out decorating the altar and the caretaker was afraid I would take their picture so I only got one picture. I also was able to take pictures of another church through the glass partition at the front. It appears that there has been a lot of theft and vandalism in the churches of Croatia as most of them are closed to the public except during services. This is really sad as the ones I have been able to see are very nice. and have nice art and sculpture. For more information on the churches, see below. We had dinner on the promenade and then went down to the far end of the promenade to photograph the sunset and to listen to the Ocean Organ It is a series of pipes that have been inserted into the wall of the promenade so that when the waves hit them they make various sounds, a very strange sort of music. Before arriving there we stopped on a bridge to photograph people’s shadows as they went by. An interesting exercise. The sunset was magnificent and the Organ interesting as was a special light show that was produced after sunset on a large circular glass panel embedded into the walkway. People danced on it producing siloettes against the light. Unfortunately not all the lights were working and I did not get some of the shots I would have liked to get as but the few I did get are included in the slideshow. Have great video of children jumping into the ocean but it would not load as I turned the camera on its side and the ratio is not what the site allows. Too bad.
Zadar gained its urban structure in Roman times; during the time of Julius Caesar and Emperor Augustus, the town was fortified and the city walls with towers and gates were built. On the western side of the town were the forum, the basilica and the temple, while outside the town were the amphitheatre and cemeteries. The aqueduct which supplied the town with water is partially preserved. Inside the ancient town, a medieval town had developed with a series of churches and monasteries being built.During the Middle Ages, Zadar fully gained its urban aspect, which has been maintained until today. In the first half of the 16th century Venice fortified the town with a new system of defensive walls on the side facing land. In the course of the century architectural building in the Renaissance style was continued and defensive trenches (Foša) were also built. They were completely buried during the Italian occupation until that in 1873, under Austrian rule, the ramparts of Zadar were converted from fortifications into elevated promenades commanding extensive seaward and landward views, thus being the wall lines preserved; of its four old gates one, the Porta Marina, incorporates the relics of a Roman arch, and another, the Porta di Terraferma, was designed in the 16th century by the Veronese artist Michele Sanmicheli. In the bombardments during the Second World War entire blocks were destroyed, but some structures survived.St. Donatus' Church, a pre-Romanesque church from the 9th century.
The chief interest of Zadar lies in its churches.
- St Donatus' Church - a monumental round building from the 9th century in pre-Romanesque style, traditionally but erroneously said to have been erected on the site of a temple of Juno. It is the most important preserved structure of its period in Dalmatia; the massive dome of the rotunda is surrounded by a vaulted gallery in two stories which also extends around the three apses to the east. The church treasury contains some of the finest Dalmatian metalwork; notably the pastoral staff of Bishop Valaresso (1460).
- St. Anastasia's Cathedral (Croatian: Sv. Stošija), basilica in Romanesque style built in the 12th to 13th century (high Romanesque style), the largest cathedral in Dalmatia.
- The churches of St. Chrysogonus and St. Simeon, where the silver ark or reliquary of St. Simeon (1380) is located, are also fine architectural examples in the Romanesque style.
- St. Krševan's Church - monumental Romanesque church of very fine proportions and refined Romanesque ornaments.
- St. Elijah's Church (Croatian: Sv. Ilija)
- St. Francis' Church, gothic styled church, site of the signing of the Zadar Peace Treaty 1358
- Five Wells Square
- St. Mary's Church, which retains a fine Romanesque campanile from 1105, belongs to a Benedictine Convent founded in 1066 by a noblewoman of Zadar by the name of Cika with The Permanent Ecclesiastical Art Exhibition "The Gold and Silver of Zadar"
- Church of St. Stephen, The church of St. Stephen was built by Queen Jelena of Zadar in the 10th century, but was destroyed by the Ottoman Turks in the 16th century. A number of Croatian kings were buried in the Church of St. Stephen (with Mihajlo Krešimir II and his wife Jelena, the benefactress, buried in the Church of St. Mary nearby) along with other nobility.
- Citadel - built in 1409, southwest of the Land gate, it has remained the same to this day.
- The Land Gate - built to a design by the Venetian architect Michele Sanmicheli in 1543
- The unique sea organ
- The Great Arsenal 
- Among the other chief buildings are the Loggia del Comune, rebuilt in 1565, and containing a public library; the old palace of the priors, now the governor's residence; and the episcopal palaces.
- Roman Forum - the largest on the eastern side of the Adriatic, founded by the first Roman Emperor Augustus, as shown by two stone inscriptions about its completion dating from the 3rd century.
- Most Roman remains were used in the construction of the fortifications, but two squares are embellished with lofty marble columns; a Roman tower stands on the eastern side of the town; and some remains of a Roman aqueduct may be seen outside the ramparts.