Drive to Split via Sibenik
Trip Start Sep 05, 2011
19Trip End Sep 27, 2011
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It took us a long time to drive to Sibenik from from Zadar. We toured it in the heat of the day which was 33 degrees and although we were also supposed to also tour Trogir on the way to Split where I was staying for three nights, we decided to go directly to Split, and start out early the next day, driving back to Trogir the next day as it was quite close. I was all for this as Split had a great pool and I really needed to cool off. Sibenik is known for its cathedral and also the Fortress, and is a lovely old town.
Šibenik is a historic town, population of 51,553 (2001). It is located in central Dalmatia where the river Krka flows into the Adriatic Sea.
After World War I, Šibenik was occupied by the Kingdom of Italy until June 12, 1921. As a result of the Treaty of Rapallo, the Italians gave up their claim to the city and it became a part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. During World War II it was occupied by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. Over the course of Allied bombing of the city, the Church of Sveti Nikola (Saint Nicholas) in the Mandalina settlement was destroyed. After WWII it became a part of the SFR Yugoslavia until Croatia declared independence in 1991.During the Croatian War of Independence (1991–1995), Šibenik was heavily attacked by the Yugoslav National Army and Serbian paramilitary troops. Although under-armed, the nascent Croatian army and the people of Šibenik managed to defend the city. The battle lasted for six days (September 16–22), often referred to as the "September battle". The bombings damaged numerous buildings and monuments, including the dome of the Cathedral of St. James and the 1870-built theatre building.In an August 1995 military operation, Croatian Army defeated the Serb forces and freed the occupied areas, which created the basic conditions for its post-war recovery and allowed the region to continue to develop as the centre of Šibenik-Knin county. Architecturally, the damaged parts of the city have been fully reconstructed.Main sightsMain article: Cathedral of St. James, ŠibenikSt. James's cathedral.The central church in Šibenik, the Cathedral of St. James, is on the UNESCO World Heritage list.Several successive architects built it completely in stone between 1431 and 1536, both in Gothic and in Renaissance style. The interlocking stone slabs of the Cathedral's roof were damaged when the city was shelled by Serbian forces in 1991. The damage has since been repaired.
St. Nicholas Fortress was built on the left side at the entrance of the St. Anthony (Sv. Ante) channel, on the island calledLjuljevac, in front of the Šibenik port. St. Nicholas Fortress got its name from the Benedictine Monastery of St. Nicholas, which was on the island, but due to construction of the fortress had to be demolished. At the request of domestic Croatpopulation of Šibenik, the Venetian captain Alojzije de Canal decided to build a fort on an island of Ljuljevac in 30 April of 1525. Fortress was designed and built by the famous Venetian architect and builder Hyeronimus di San Michaela. It was built by in the 16th century to prevent Turkish boats from reaching the port. St. Nicholas Fortress was armed with 32cannon. However, its imposing appearance and size were a bigger threat to the enemy than canons.