Art, Culture and History of Croatia

Trip Start Sep 05, 2011
Trip End Sep 27, 2011

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Visited Galleries and drove to ? where Tito was born

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Sunday, September 4, 2011

About time I gave you some skinny on Zagreb from  an artistic point of view.  This is information about the number of Galleries and and Museums etc in the City.  Quite amazing to have this amount of culture in one City of this size. A few shots of the city that I would not have been able to get.  I got to visit to of the Galleries today, The Strossmayer Gallery of Old Masters and The Modern Gallery which is the one I really liked because the works are Modern but not outlandish and are mostly of local artists.  A few pictures attached that I managed to take without flash - not the greatest but only meant for memories.   I really wanted to get to the Contemporary Gallery but it was way out and I did not have time.

I went to the Galleries on my own in the morning but  Luka and I headed out to the Town of Kermovec, the birthplace of Tito, the leader of the Yugoslavian Communist Party and Government.  He was very moderate compared to other Communist Leaders of the time and broke with Stalin.  He did a lot for the people, but he was a dictator.  He is, in fact, remembered fondly by many of the older generation.  He ruled the country in one way or another until the 90's when Slovenia claim for independence started the break up of Yugoslavia  For more information about him and his rule click here.  The village has been turned into a living museum, with all the buildings being purchased from their owners and staged as they would have been at the turn of the century when he lived there.  It is really quite fascinating and the drive out was beautiful.  

After visiting the Village, we drove through the countryside (see pictures) to a church which was closed, dang it, but we then proceeded to a farmhouse that has been turned into a restaurant and serves typical Croatian food.  We had Venison Stew and dumplings that were to die for and ate in the Garden - should have taken more pictures as it was lovely, but i did get a couple of the front of the house which is now highly decorated.  They also had horse and buggy rides but we did not have time.  Back to the city.  Enjoy the pictures and be sure to do the slideshow thing and click the lower right corner of the picture for full screen.  Not the greatest resolution but when you consider it only takes 20 minutes to upload this number of pictures, it does not surprise me.  

 Zagreb Panorama from The Upper Town

Zegrab has in total

 The University, 19 theatres, 24 museums,65 galleries and art collections

The main Galleries are:

 The Strossmayer Gallery of Old Masters

The Strossmayer Gallery of Old Masters opened in November 1884, named after its founder, Josip Juraj Strossmayer, the bishop of Đakovo. Bishop Strossmayer had been buying paintings for 30 years, since his appointment as bishop of Đakovo in 1850. He began with Italian art, mainly Renaissance works from Florence and Venice. In the 1870s, however, he diversified into the schools of northern Europe, and 17th century art.[2] In 1868, he decided to donate his collection to the Croatian people, entrusting it to the Academy.  The gallery was opened to the public on 9th November 1884, displaying 256 works of art.[3]Over the years, such a prestigious collection attracted further donations, including those of contemporary artists. The expansion led in 1934 to the founding of the Modern Gallery to hold the more recent works.[2] Other additions to the collection included acquisitions and donations from notable philanthropists such as Ivan RužićMarquis Etienne de PiennesAnte Topić Mimara and Zlatko Baloković.[3][edit]Collections
Modern Gallery (CroatianModerna galerija) is a museum in ZagrebCroatia that holds the most important and comprehensive collection of paintingssculptures and drawings by 19th and 20th century Croatian artists. The collection numbers around 10,000 works of art, housed since 1934 in the historic Vranyczany Palace in the centre of Zagreb, overlooking the Zrinjevac Park

Museum of Contemporary Art, Zagreb
Opened on 11 December 2009, after six years of construction which was beset with several delays. Originally planned to cost around 200 millionHRK, the cost eventually amounted to 450 million HRK (around 84 million US$), invested in equal parts by the Ministry of Culture and the City of Zagreb.[5]
 Museum interiorCarsten 
  Double Slide was custom-made for the museum.[6]The building has a total area of 14,600 m2, out of which 3,500 m2 is reserved for the permanent display and around 1,500 m2is designated for occasional exhibitions. The building also houses a library, a multimedia hall, a bookstore, cafe and a restaurant.The museum houses a total of 12,000 objects (of which around 600 are on permanent display)[1] and numerous works by contemporary Croatian artists, including Julije KniferTošo DabacIvan Kožarić,Vjenceslav Richter, Benko Horvat, Ivan PiceljMiroslav Šutej, Tomislav Gotovac, Dalibor Martinis, Sanja Iveković; as well as international contemporary artists such as Getulio Alviani, Alberto Biasi, Max Bill, Piero Dorazio, Julio Le ParcRichard MortensenOtto Piene, Jesus Raphael Soto, Victor Vasarely,Marina AbramovićDorothy CrossKatarzyna Kozyra, etc.

 Croatian Museum of Naive Art
Naive, or primitive art is a distinct segment of the art of the 20th century. In Croatia, naive art was at first connected with the works of peasants and working men, ordinary men and women, of whom the most successful, over the course of time, became professional artists. Naive art assumes the work of artists who are more or less self-taught, painters and sculptors with no formal art training, but who have achieved their own creative style and a high level of art. An identifiably individual style and poetic nature distinguishes the Naive from other "amateur" painters and sculptors, and from the general self-taught artist. The view of a Naive artist will usually display unusual proportions and perspective, and certain illogicalities of form and space. Such characteristics are the expression of a free creative imagination, in a similar way to other 20th century art movements such as Symbolism,ExpressionismCubism, and Surrealism.[1]

Arts and Crafts Museum  

 (10 Marshal Tito Square) was founded in 1880 with the intention of preserving the works of art and craft against the new predominance of industrial products. With its 160,000 exhibits, the Arts and Crafts Museum is a national-level museum for artistic production and the history of material culture in Croatia.[48]Ethnographic Museum (14 Ivan Mažuranić Square) was founded in 1919. It lies in the fine Secession building of the one-time Trades Hall of 1903. The ample holdings of about 80,000 items cover the ethnographic heritage of Croatia, classified in the three cultural zones: the Pannonian, Dinaric and Adriatic.[49]

The Mestrovic Gallery (Local Name: Atelje Mestrovic) The Mestrovic Gallery (Atelje Mestrovic) is housed in a 17th century home where Ivan Mestrovic once lived and sculpted. On display in the house are his sculptures in wood, stone, and bronze, as well as drawings, furniture and lithographs. The pieces, more than 300 in total, represent a variety of themes including, religion, portraiture, and nude.

Ivan Mestrovic is the most recognized Croatian artist and a world renowned 20th Century sculptor. He was recognized at a young age by the mayor of his town, who sent him to Zagreb. He studied in Zagreb and later moved to Paris where he became friends with Auguste Rodin. One of Mestrovic's most famous works, Pieta Romana, is on display in the Vatican.Ivan Meštrović
Photographed in Zagreb in 1928.Birth nameIvan MeštrovićBorn15 August 1883
VrpoljeKingdom of Croatia-SlavoniaAustria-Hungary(today's Croatia)Died15 January 1962 (aged 78)
South BendIndianaUSANationalityCroatian, (by ethnicity); United States of America (by citizenship)   FieldSculptureArchitectureTraining SplitViennaParis Movement Art NouveauSymbolism      WorksVictor (monument)
The Bowman and The Spearman    Gregory of Nin statue   Monument to the Unknown HeroIvan Meštrović (About this sound listen   (August 15, 1883 – January 16, 1962) was a Croatian sculptorand architect born in VrpoljeCroatia (then Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, an autonomous kingdom within the Austro-Hungarian Empire). He is renowned as possibly the greatest sculptor of religious subject matter since the Renaissance[1], the first living person to have a one man show at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.[2]

The Art Pavilion

 This Pavilion was one of the first pre-fabricated buildings in Europe. Its iron construction, made for the Millennium Exhibition in Budapest in 1896. was later moved to Zagreb. It was opened in 1898. During its more than 100 years, the premises of the Pavilion have hosted retrospective exhibitions of Croatian artists, problem exhibitions and exhibitions of cycles by well-established artists. It also has hosted exhibitions by world known authors (Henry Moore, K. Kollwitz, Auguste Rodin) and foreign galleries have several times made guest appearances here. The Pavilion is also the venue for the Zagreb Salon, Youth Salon and many other very interesting collective exhibitions. Retrospective exhibitions and exhibitions of individual cycles, thematic and problem exhibitions and cultural projects are frequently put on in the Pavilion.  Currently, it is under repair, although I got a couple shots of the repaired portion.  

The Croatian National Theatre   
The Croatian National Theatre in Zagreb.
 Description(Local Name: Hrvatsko Narodno Kazaliste) Built in 1895 by Viennese architects Hermann Helmer and Ferdinand Fellner, the Croatian National Theatre (Hrvatsko Narodno Kazaliste) in Zagreb sits at the beginning (the northwest corner) of the "green horseshoe" in Donji Grad. It was officially opened on October 14, 1894, by the Emperor Franz Joseph I. The imposing yellow structure in Trg Marsala, is a landmark feature in the Lower Town. The building is a Neo-baroque and Rococo style, with two small domes at the front and a larger dome towards the back. The interior contains artworks by Vlaho Bukovac, and "The Well of Life" by Ivan Mestrovic.

The Croatian National Theatre presents opera, ballet, and drama performances.

The theatre was first established as the Croatian National Theatre in 1860, and in 1861 it gained government support putting it on par with many other European national theatres. In 1870 an opera company was added to the theatre and in 1895 it moved to the new purpose-built building onMarshal Tito Square.

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