Annotated Bird Species List

Trip Start Mar 21, 2005
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Thursday, March 15, 2007

The Species List, with brief notes, for those interested:
1. Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus)
Seen in many habitats with scrub throughout Kutch
2. Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus)
Frequently seen throughout thorn scrub in Kutch. Note that a smaller quail also existed throughout shrublands, although the species was never confirmed.
3. Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus)
Found in villages, around Than monastery (dry forest), and in cultivated areas.
4. Spot-billed Duck (Anas poecilorhyncha)
Several found in freshwater retaining ponds and reservoirs.
5. Common Teal (Anas crecca)
Several individuals in Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary.
6. Garganay (Anas querquedla)
A few individuals in Little Rann of Kutch and Charri-Fulay Dhond
7. Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)
Charri-Fulay Dhond.
8. Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata)
Most common Anas species; found in most freshwater wetlands.
9. Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)
Commonly found at Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary.
10. Common Hoopoe (Upupa epops)
Sporadically observed throughout the uplands of Kutch.
11. Indian Roller (Coracias benghaliensis)
Two sightings, including Solanki Bet, in a wooded setting.
12. Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis)
One sighting: freshwater reservoir in Little Rann of Kutch.
13. White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon pileatea)
Multiple sightings near waterbodies and on telephone lines.
14. Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis)
Several sightings around wetlands and reservoirs.
15. Green Bee-eater (Merops orientalis)
Abundant throughout upland areas.
16. Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea)
Found in wooded habitation; several sightings.
17. Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis)
One sighting in dense shrubs with small trees.
18. Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri)
Abundant throughout upland habitats, especially around cultivated or populated areas with woods.
19. House Swift (Apus affinis)
Found in Tera village.
20. Alpine Swift (Tachymarptis melba)
Two sightings of groups flying overhead in the Little Rann of Kutch, south of Khavda.
21. Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo)
One individual found in open thorn scrub around Little Rann of Kutch. Large owl pellets, potentially from this species, were also found on a sandstone ridge near Charri Dhond.
22. Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)
Common along roadsides and around habitation.
23. Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis)
Common throughout Kutch uplands.
24. Red Collared Dove (Streptopelia tranquebarica)
Common throughout Kutch in upland scrublands.
25. Eurasian Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto)
Common throughout Kutch, especially in cultivated areas.
26. Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps)
Four individuals were seen in two occasions, each time, a male-female couple, in Tera Dhond.
27. Demoiselle Crane (Grus virgo)
A large flock of several hundred birds was seen outside of Mandvi in a dry fallow field.
28. Common Crane (Grus grus)
Thousands of individuals seen at Charri-Fulay Dhond. Smaller groups seen at Little Rann of Kutch and periodically in fields.
29. White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus)
One individual seen in small reservoir at Little Rann of Kutch.
30. Common Coot (Fulica atra)
Thousands of individuals seen at Charri-Fulay Dhond; smaller groups elsewhere.
31. Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse (Pterocles exustus)
Periodically seen in semi-arid desert native habitats and fields, mostly in flight.
32. Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa)
Several individuals seen at Charri-Fulay Dhond.
33. Bar-tailed Godwit (Limosa lapponica)
Several individuals along the mudflats near Jachau Port.
34. Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus)
Dozens of individuals found in the sandy flats of Marine National Park (Narara Bet).
35. Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata)
Several individuals at Jachau Port and Narara Bet flats.
36. Common Redshank (Tringa erythropus)
Frequently seen in most wetlands feeding along borders.
37. Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis)
Found around reservoirs and at Charri-Fulay Dhond.
38. Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia)
Found feeding along mudflats of wetlands.
39. Green Sandpiper (Tringa occhropus)
One individual seen at Little Rann of Kutch reservoir
40. Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola)
One individual seen at Khujadiya Bird Sanctuary.
41. Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos)
Frequently seen feeding alone in various muddy shores.
42. Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres)
Several individuals along coastal shores of Narara Bet and Jachau Port.
43. Sanderling (Calidris alba)
Few individuals seen at Narara Bet and Jachau Port.
44. Little Stint (Calidris minuta)
Several individuals seen at Jachau Port.
45. Temmink's Stint (Calidris temminckii)
Several individuals seen along wetland mudflats at Little Rann of Kutch.
46. Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea)
One individual seen at Jachau Port.
47. Ruff (Philomachus pugnax)
One individual seen at Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary.
48. Eurasian Oystercatcher (Haemotopus ostralegus)
One flock seen at Narara Bet, Marine National Park.
49. Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus)
Abundant along wetland edges.
50. Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta)
Seen in a large wetland at Little Rann of Kutch; a dozen individuals.
51. Crab-plover (Dromas ardeola)
Dozens seen in the sandy flats of Narara Bet.
52. Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola)
Seen in mudflats around Dwarka, Narara Bet, and Jachau Port.
53. Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius)
Seen at Jachau Port, in breeding plumage.
54. Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus)
Common at Narara Bet, Jachau Port, and wetland of Little Rann of Kutch. Only one individual male seen in breeding plumage.
55. Greater Sand Plover (Charadrius leschenaultii)
Found at Narara Bet, Jachau Port, and wetlands of Little Rann of Kutch; fairly common.
56. Yellow-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus malarbaricus)
One group found at Nalia Dhond.
57. Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus)
Abundant throughout Kutch.
58. Yellow-legged Gull (Larus cachinnans)
Fairly common at Narara Bet, Marine National Park.
59. Heuglin's Gull (Larus heuglini)
Several individuals at Jachau Port.
60. Pallas's Gull (Larus ichthyaetus)
Common at Charri-Fulay Dhond.
61. Brown-headed Gull (Larus brunnicephalus)
Several individuals seen at Charri-Fulay Dhond.
62. Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus)
Several individuals seen at Little Rann of Kutch wetlands.
63. Slender-billed Gull (Larus genei)
Several individuals seen at Narara Bet, Jachau Port, and Little Rann of Kutch.
64. Gull-billed Tern (Gelochelidon nilotica)
Common at most larger wetlands.
65. Caspian Tern (Sterna caspia)
One individual flew over our boat in the middle of Chary-Fulay Lake.
66. River Tern (Sterna aurantia)
Several individuals at Khijaadiya Bird Sanctuary.
67. Lesser Crested Tern (Sterna bengalensis)
A flock seen resting on a sandy flat at Narara Bet. Note: a small tern was also identified as either Little/Saunder's Tern in non-breeding plumage--they are indistinguishable, essentially.
68. Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)
One individual fishing at Jachau Port.
69. Black-shouldered Kite (Elanus caeruleus)
Abundant predator seen on telephone lines and hunting in open areas.
70. Black Kite (Milvus migrans)
One individual seen in Dhrangadhra.
71. Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus)
One individual seen outside Dwarka in open counrty.
72. White-rumped Vulture (Gyps bengallensis)
A small group seen above Dhrangadhra.
73. Long-billed Vulture (Gyps indicus)
One individual seen flying near Jachau Port.
74. Cinerious Vulture (Aegypius monachus)
One individual seen at Charri-Fulay Dhond.
75. Short-toed Snake Eagle (Circaetus gallicus)
One individual seen at Tera Dhond.
76. Eurasian Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus)
Abundant especially at Charri-Fulay Dhond; found less frequently in other grasslands.
77. Pallid Harrier (Circus macrourus)
Common in grassland and shrubland uplands.
78. Montagu's Harrier (Circus pagargus)
Seen periodically in grassland and shrubland uplands.
79. Shikra (Accipiter badius)
One individual seen at the harbor to Bet Dwarka on a telephone line.
80. Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo)
Little Rann of Kutch; seen at Mardak Bet
81. Long-legged Buzzard (Buteo refinus)
One individual seen at Charri-Fulay Dhond.
82. Tawny Eagle (Aquila rapax)
Seen periodically in the grasslands of Kutch. Positive identification required close examination of features so many birds remained as unidentified Aquila eagles.
83. Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis)
Dozens of birds seen in the grasslands of Kutch. Positive identification required close examination of features so many birds remained as unidentified Aquila eagles.
84. Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus)
One individual seen at Mardak Bet in the Little Rann of Kutch.
85. Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)
Common throughout open habitats of Kutch.
86. Red-necked Falcon (Falco chicquera)
One individual seen north of Bhuj in open grass and shrub on a telephone line.
87. Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)
Several individuals seen at Little Rann of Kutch, resting in the shade in mudflat habitats.
88. Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis)
Seen periodically in many wetland habitats.
89. Darter (Anhinga melanogaster)
Found in many freshwater wetlands...
90. Little Cormorant (Phalacrocorax niger)
Common at Charri-Fulay Dhond.
91. Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)
Seen at most wetland sites.
92. Western Reef Egret (Egretta gularis)
Seen at Jachau Port, Little Rann, and Gulf of Kutch.
93. Great Egret (Casmerodius albus)
Commonly seen in wetland areas.
94. Intermediate Egret (Mesophoyx intermedia)
Frequently seen in wetland areas.
95. Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
Seen in fields of Kutch.
96. Indian Pond Heron (Ardeola grayii)
Abundant around wetlands.
97. Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea)
Seen at Little Rann, Jachau Port, and Gulf of Kutch, Marine National Park.
98. Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber)
Found at Charri-Fulay Dhond in one large flock.
99. Lesser Flamingo (Phoenicopterus minor)
Sighted at Charri-Fulay Dhond and Little Rann of Kutch.
100. Black-headed Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus)
Seen at Jachau Port.
101. Black Ibis (Pseudibis papilosa)
One group seen near Tera Dhond.
102. Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia)
Found at Khijadija, Charri-Fulay Dhond, and Little Rann of Kutch wetlands.
103. Great White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus)
One bird spotted at Bhuj town tank; many identified at Charri-Fulay Dhond and Little Rann.
104. Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus)
Several identified at Charri-Fulay Dhond.
105. Painted Stork (Mycteria leucocephala)
Seen at most freshwater wetland sites.
106. White Stork (Ciconia ciconia)
One bird found at Charri-Fulay Dhond.
107. Black-necked Stork (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus)
Two birds spotted at Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary
108. Rufous-tailed Shrike (Lanius isabellinus)
Frequently seen perched in dry upland
109. Long-tailed Shrike (Lanius schach)
One individual seen at Little Rann of Kutch.
110. Southern Grey Shrike (Lanius meridionalis)
Seen in open scrub and grasslands at Tera Dhond.
111. House Crow (Corvus splendens)
Abundant.
112. Large-billed Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos)
Extremely common.
113. Small Minivet (Pericrocotus cinnamomeus)
Seen in more forested habitats such as Soneri Hills and Than.
114. Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus)
Commonly spotted throughout upland sites.
115. Asian Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi)
As a disjunct population, three females seen in the dry woodlands behind Than Monastery.
116. Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia)
Seen in Soneri Hills.
117. Indian Robin (Saxicoloides fulicata)
Abundant in upland sites.
118. Black Redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros)
Seen in Tera Village.
119. Common Stonechat (Saxicola torquata)
Abundant in upland sites.
120. Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata)
One bird sighted in shrubs around Little Rann of Kutch
121. Brown Rock-chat (Cercomela fusca)
Several birds seen in rocky sites of Than Monastery.
122. Variable Wheatear (Oenanthe picata)
One bird seen in Tera Dhond.
123. Rufous-tailed Wheatear (Oenanthe xanthopyrmna)
One individual identified in the dry sandstone promontories of Charri-Fulay Dhond.
124. Desert Wheatear (Oenanthe deserti)
Several individuals seen at Little Rann of Kutch and Charri-Fulay Dhond.
125. Isabelline Wheatear (Oenanthe isabellina)
Spotted in the dry silt flats of Charri-Fulay Dhond.
126. Brahminy Starling (Sturnus pagodarum)
Identified at Than and at Mardak Bet in Little Rann of Kutch.
127. Rosy Starling (Sturnus roseus)
Commonly sighted in upland areas, often near habitation or farmland.
128. Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis)
Spotted in many upland sites.
129. Bank Myna (Acridotheres ginginianus)
Seen at Tera Village.
130. Dusky Crag Martin (Hirundo concolor)
Seen around Tera Fort.
131. Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)
Abundant.
132. Wire-tailed Swallow (Hirundo smithii)
Seen at Tera reservoir.
133. Red-rumped Swallow (Hirundo daurica)
Spotted at Than.
134. White-eared Bulbul (Pycnonotus leucotis)
Abundant.
135. Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer)
Abundant.
136. Grey Hypocolius (Hypocolius ampelinus)
A group of birds seen in Fulay Village in Northern Kutch.
137. Rufous-fronted Prinia (Prinia buchanani)
Several birds identified in shrublands of Little Rann of Kutch.
138. Grey-breasted Prinia (Prinia hodgsonii)
Identified in the woodlands of Than.
139. Jungle Prinia (Prinia sylvatica)
Seen in the scrub thickets of Little Rann of Kutch.
140. Plain Prinia (Prinia inornata)
One individual spotted at Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary in open scrub.
141. Blythe's Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus concinens)
Several individuals seen in shrublands of Little Rann of Kutch.
142. Clamorous Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus stentoreus)
One individual spotted at Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary.
143. Lesser Whitethroat (Sylvia curruca)
Seen in forest shrubs near Tera.
144. Common Chif-chaff (Phylloscopus collybita)
One individual identified in Tera Village.
145. Common Babbler (Turdoides earlei)
Abundant in upland sites.
146. Indian Bushlark (Mirafra erythroptera)
Common, especially in the upland grassland and shrubland sites.
147. Ashy-crowned Sparrowlark (Eremopterix grisea)
Fairly common in dry open areas.
148. Rufous-tailed Lark (Ammomanes phoenicurus)
Seen in Little Rann of Kutch.
149. Greater Hoopoe Lark (Alaemon alaudipes)
Very localized bird. One individual seen on the north side of Mardak Bet in Little Rann of Kutch.
150. Greater Short-toed Lark (Calandrella brachydactyla)
Abundant in flocks.
151. Crested Lark (Galerida cristata)
Common at Little Rann; often seen individually or in pairs. Also seen in other dry sites.
152. Syke's Lark (Galerida deva)
Seen in the Soneri Hills.
153. Purple Sunbird (Nectarinia asiatica)
Fairly common in upland sites.
154. House Sparrow (Paser domesticus)
Abundant near habitation.
155. Chestnut-shouldered Petrona (Petronia xanthocollis)
Fairly common in upland sites.
156. White Wagtail (Motacilla alba)
Seen in wetland reservoir of Mardak Bet, Little Rann of Kutch.
157. White-browed Wagtail (Motacilla maderaspatensis)
One individual seen at Bhuj tank.
158. Citrine Wagtail (Motacilla citreola)
Seen in wetlands of Little Rann of Kutch.
159. Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava)
Two individuals seen in dry mudflats with sparse vegetation at Charri-Fulay Dhond.
160. Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea)
Several individuals seen in dry mudflats with sparse vegetation at Charri-Fulay Dhond.
161. Paddyfield Pipit (Anthus rufulus)
Seen at a fallow field near Tera.
162. Tawny Pipit (Anthus campestris)
Commonly found at most dry open flats.
163. Indian Silverbill (Lonchura malabarica)
Common throughout upland sites.
164. Grey-necked Bunting (Emberiza buchanani)
Several individuals spotted at Soneri Hills.
165. Black-headed Bunting (Emberiza melanocephala)
Three individuals identified near cultivation in shrubs at Nalia Dhond.

Also seen were the following animals...
Indian Grey Wolf (Canis lupus pallipes)
Jackal (Canis aureus)
Desert Fox (Vulpes bengalensis)
Common Langur (Semnopithecus spp.)
Human Beings (Homo sapien)
Chinkara (Gazellae bennettii)
Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus)
Mongoose (Herpestes spp.)
Five-striped Ground Squirrel(Funambulus pennantii)
Indian Desert Gerbil (Meriones hurricane)
Indian Hare (Lepus nigricollis)
Wild Ass (Equus hemionus khur)
Bat species (Chiroptera spp.)
Several frog species
Pond Turtles (2 species)
Indian Star Tortoise (Geochelone elegans)
Spiny-tailed Lizard (Uromastyx hardwickii)
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