Strange statues in the wilds of nowhere.
Trip Start Jun 15, 2009
133Trip End Jun 14, 2010
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Where I stayed
We've gone a bit hippy again here and contacted Rene who has an Eco-lodge outside the town and up a very steep hill (not so obvious from the website). We are staying in a 'chalet', which is a charming little house with non-square doors and windows and is made of bamboo and recycled string and sealing wax or something like that. All the buildings here have different shapes and outside walls are artfully decorated. Still, we have a balcony and a hammock (and an easy chair that Tony has stolen from outside another empty bungalow) so life is good!
Our purpose of visiting here is to see something of the strange culture which had developed in this area in the 1st – 9th centuries AD. By the time the Spanish arrived, all trace of these people had disappeared and very little is known about them. What they have left, however, is the evidence of their elaborate burial rituals. Like many cultures in South America, they practiced two burial rituals. The first was to bury the bodies, usually underground, with piles of grave goods. When the body’s soft tissue had all rotted away, the bones were dug up and reburied in funery urns with yet more grave goods. In this area, the second burials were in chambers formed from stone slabs (similar to dolmens) and protected by statues.
Most of these are of fearsome human forms but others show animal deities such as frogs and jaguars. Around 500 of these statues have been discovered in the general area ranging in size from 20cm (nothing very fearsome about that one) up to 7 metres (that’s a bit scarier).
Within the park there is an area by the river, known as La Fuente del Lavapatas (The Feetwashing Fountain), which had been carved into a series of figures, fountains and waterfalls at around the same time. As you looked down it became apparent that all of the rocks had been carved with the outlines of animals which originally would have channelled water around the wide area.
Sadly, the water is currently quite limited but there are big plans to completely refurbish the fountains. They have already placed a cover over the whole thing to prevent further corrision and eventually they plan to get the water flowing through the carvings again.
We then followed another steep path to reach the highest point of the park with stunning views in every direction and a tangible feeling of being close to the elements. You could really begin get an inkling of why these people had chosen to build their burial sites here. Another group of statues had been placed here, some interesting forms but once again with no real context.
Generally we had been a bit disappointed that the displays didn’t give us a very good picture of how these tombs looked when originally made (or even when first discovered). Of course grave-robbers have done their bit to mess everything up (and we have already noted how there are loads of these statues all over Colombia). However, the last group of graves did give a more atmospheric picture of how the statues were arranged to ward off any would-be tamperers.
One less successful aspect of the park is the ‘wood of the statues’ where 35 statues are set out beside a woodland walk. There seems no logic for this at all and we would have prefered to see the statues back in their proper places.
We headed away from the park, following a dirt track up another steep hill to try to find some more sites that might give us a better ‘in-situ’ feling. After quite a lot of traipsing, covering a lot of distance with very little in the way of signposting, we reached our first objective. However, this was even more diappointing as it was just a collection of a handful of statues in an open sided shed in a field!
Most of the individual statues are interesting but we craved more context! We walked on towards our next stop, Chaquirá, and found ourselves approaching the edge of a deep ravine at the bottom of which was the raging River Magdalena. Our pathway started to descend rapidly and we found ourselves on a pathway clinging to the cliff side.
We had arranged to take a jeep tour to the outlying sites the following day if others could be found to share the cost. So we were surprised when our driver Juan turned up in an elderly saloon car with jacked up suspension. However, we piled into the car to collect the other guests, Adam and Lucas, two Australian brothers on a whistle stop tour of South America. The car bumped away through the rutted and potholed roads, none of which have any solid surface but we had a enjoyable day travelling through some really lovely landscape.
During our journey we saw some of the local landscape hotspots including El Estrecho where the powerful torrent of the River Magdalena is forced through an opening in the rocks which is only 2.2 metres wide.
Apparently it used to be popular to try to kayak through the narrow opening but it is now banned because too many people just missed. We also visited a couple of waterfalls; both of which were powerful and beautiful in their own ways. They would be real attractions in UK but we still have very strong memories of the mighty force of Iguazu!
We inwardly sighed when Juan pulled up alongside a heap of sugarcane and some rural sheds and said that we were going to visit a sugar cane processing plant. We avoid organised tours, which usually include a side track like this to a demonstration for tourists. It is generally an excuse to try to sell souvenirs that no-one really wants. However, this was genuine work going on, in incredibly precarious circumstances, which certainly would not comply with UK health and safety regulations!
Huge sticks of sugar cane were being fed manually into a fierce machine to extract the juice. There was no protection for either the workers feeding their hands into it or those of us passing closely by as we made our way to the series of boiling vats of juice. There a mystery person, hidden in the clouds of steam, ladled the boiling sugar from one vat to another.
Eventually, nicely thickened and caramel coloured, it was ladled into wooden moulds. Here bees crawled all over it, taking great advantage whilst it cooled and set into blocks. Colombians definitely have a sweet tooth and use this sugar in almost every food they make.
The two remaining archeological sites that we visited, El Alto de los Ídolos and El Alto de Las Piedras, had considerably more complete graves that gave a much better picture of how the statues had been used. They were also interesting because they had several statues of different styles to those we had seen before.
We were also able to see faint vestiges of the brightly coloured paint that had originally been on all the stones and statues. The tombs must have looked very different when first constructed, with coloured figures and the walls decorated with patterns of circles in red, yellow and black.
The museum at the former site also had some interesting pictures of the site in earlier years when more of the statues were still in their original positions and it was acceptable to climb on and pose with them for photos. Not that Tony would have jumped the fencing to pose with a statue, he does exactly what he is told...