Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp

Trip Start May 01, 2009
Trip End May 31, 2009

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Flag of Germany  ,
Tuesday, May 5, 2009

 Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg was a Nazi concentration camp in Oranienburg, Germany.  It is located 35 km north of Berlin.  The camp was primarily used for political prisoners.  The camp was established in 1936.  A large number of prisoners were used from the camp to work in nearby brickworks to start rebuilding Berlin.  Sachsenhausen was intended to set a standard for other concentration camps, both in its design and the treatment of prisoners.  On the front entrance gates to Sachsenhausen is the  slogan Arbeit Macht Frei, "Work will set you free." From  1936 to 1945 nearly 200,000 prisioners passed through the gates of Sachsenhausen. Over 100,000 prisioners died from exhaustion, disease, malnutrition or pneumonia from the freezing winter cold. Many were executed or died as the result of brutal medical experimentation.

Presently Sachsenhausen is open to the public as a museum and a memorial. Several original structures are present, including guard towers, the camp entrance, crematory ovens and the camp barracks.
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