Capital "Brasilia"

Trip Start Nov 13, 2006
Trip End May 23, 2007

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Flag of Brazil  ,
Sunday, November 26, 2006

Brasília is the capital of Brazil, located in the central part of the country. It has a population of about 2 million as of the 2006 estimate, and is the seat of the main federal government: the president, the Brazilian supreme court, and the Brazilian parliament. Brasília is listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Building of the city began in 1956 with Lúcio Costa as the principal urban planner and Oscar Niemeyer as the principal architect. When seen from above, the city's shape resembles an airplane or a butterfly. The pictures included are taken from the top of the Tower to show a 360 degree view of the city.

The idea was to transfer the federal capital of Brazil from the coast to Midwestern / interior of the country. Brasilia's location, it was argued, would promote the development of Brazil's central region and better integrate the entire territory of Brazil. People from all over the country were hired to build the city, but especially those from the Northeast region of Brazil.

Brazil had 2 capital cities before that: Rio de Janeiro and Salvador da Bahia. President Juscelino Kubitschek ordered the construction of Brasília, fulfilling an article of the country's constitution stating that the capital should be moved from Rio de Janeiro to a place close to the center of the country. Brasília was built in 41 months, from 1956 to April 21, 1960 when it was officially inaugurated.

The idea of placing Brazil's capital in the interior dates back to the first republican constitution of 1891, which roughly defined where the federal district should be placed, but the site itself was not defined until 1922.

At one extremity of the Monumental Axis lies the Ministries Esplanade, an open area in downtown Brasília. The rectangular lawn area is surrounded by two eight-lane wide avenues where many important government buildings, monuments and memorials are located. See pictures above!
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