Trip Start Dec 05, 2012
115Trip End Dec 31, 2015
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Some background on the history of the site. South Dakota historian Doane Robinson is credited with conceiving the idea of carving the likenesses of famous people into the Black Hills region of South Dakota in order to promote tourism in the region (it worked, 3 million people come per year). Robinson wanted it to feature western heroes like Lewis and Clark, Red Cloud and Buffalo Bill Cody, but Gutzon Borglum (who was the sculptor) decided the sculpture should have a more national focus, and chose the four presidents whose likenesses would be carved into the mountain. Rushmore includes 60-foot (18 m) sculptures of the heads of four United States presidents: George Washington (1732–1799),Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919) and Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865)
Because of its fame as a monument, Mount Rushmore is frequently discussed or depicted in media, film and popular culture. The memorial was iconically used as the location of the climactic chase scene in Alfred Hitchcock's 1959 movie North by Northwest. The scene was not actually filmed at the monument, since permission to shoot an attempted killing on the face of a national monument was refused by the National Park Service. In the movie, the villain's house is located on a fictitious forested plateau behind the monument.