Oracle of Delphi

Trip Start Jul 24, 2010
Trip End Aug 10, 2010

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Flag of Greece  , Central Greece,
Monday, August 9, 2010

We began the morning with a visit to the archaeological site of Delphi.  It was considered the navel of the world and located at Mt. Parnassos.  In the Mycenaean period from 1600-1100 BC there was a settlement at Delphi and the oracle shrine of Gaia.  About 800 BC they began worship of Apollo and the oracle shrine was very important over 400 years.  The oracles invluenced decisions made by Greek as well as King Croesus of Lydia and King Midas of Phrygia.  Oracle worship continued on to Greek Hellensim and the Roman Period.  In 394 AD the oracle closed forever.

First we saw the most photographed part of 3 columns from the Temple of Athena, built in the 6th century BC.  As we continued our walk we saw the gymnasium.  There were also ruins of treasuries, buildings and statues built by others from distant areas to pay tribute to the oracle.  At the museum we had seen the Siphnian Treasury that was built in the 6th century BC as well as the Treasuries of Sikyonian, Thebans, Boeotians, Megorians, and Corinthian.  Next we saw the Temple of Apollo which is where the oracles spoke (built 7th century BC).  The Athenian Treasury commemorated democracy and Athenian victory at the Battle of Marathon.  Further up was the Theater of Delphi, built in the 4th century BC, but later remodeled in Roman times.
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