St Peter Castle and Mausoleum

Trip Start Jul 24, 2010
Trip End Aug 10, 2010

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Flag of Turkey  , Turkish Aegean Coast,
Thursday, July 29, 2010

After spending a couple of nights in Bodrum, Turkey we finally did some site seeing here! Bodrum is a port city in southwestern Turkey.  It was formerly known as Halicarnassus, and the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, one of the 7 Ancient Wonders of the World was here.  Famous historian Herodotus was from this area.  Bodrum's harbor areas were originally settled by Dorian Greeks in the 7th century BC.  This territory later came under the Persian Empire and became the capital of Caria.  In 332BC, Alexander the Great conquered the territory.

We began the morning with an enjoyable mile walk along the water and down cute quaint streets.  Our first stop was the Castle of St. Peter. 

In 1402, the Knights Hospitaller, located in Rhodes, captured Bodrum.  They built the Castle of St. Peter in 1437.  In 1522, Suleyman the Magnificent captured the Knights in Rhodes and Bodrum.  Today the castle house the Museum of Underwater Archaeology.

Next Diana and I walked and then took a taxi to visit the remaining Mausoleum of Halicarnassus. 

The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was built in 351BC by Persians and Greeks.  The city of Halicarnassus (today Bodrum, Turkey) was part of the Persian Empire, and that territory was ruled by King Mausolus at that time.  He built a city wall and agora with his tomb in the middle.  Mausolus hired Greek architects to design the tomb.  The tomb had a five-tiered base that measured 128x108 feet.  On top was a 88x108 foot block.  On top of that was the funerary temple surrounded by 39 pillars that were 36 feet each.  Above this was a 24-tiered pyramid.  In 1494 it was destroyed by an earthquake.  The Crusaders leveled the Mausoleum hundreds of years later. 

We spent the rest of the day relaxing at our hotel.
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