Hopi Indian Reserve
Trip Start Jul 08, 2007
143Trip End Ongoing
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In November 2006, I went scuba diving with my father and brother in Utila,
Honduras. After 3 flights, 20h and loosing my luggages, I ended up in
La Ceiba, 20 minutes by plane away from Utila, because my last flight
was cancelled due to apparent bad weather. I asked a taxi driver to
bring me to the closest hotel and 30 minutes later, I was in an
Internet café, trying to sort out the situation and tell my family I would be late.
At that point, I met a very nice young women named Anastasia. She was
American, but of Honduras nationality and she was staying with her mom
for a couple of weeks. After she helped me with my very limited Spanish
skills, we end up talking all night about many different things, among
which spirituality. I told her about my strong desire to spend some
time in the desert and she immediately suggested I go to the Arizona
desert in a place called 4 Corners where very strong Energy Vortice are
present. What she said resounded strongly in me and it then became
clear to me the reason why my flight had been cancelled. I then found
out that this region is inhabited by the Hopi Indians.
Ever since that day, I have been fascinated by the Hopi Culture and was
really looking forward my meeting with this very old civilization, some
say its at least 22 000 years old. I therefore made my visit to the
Hopi Reserve one of the first stop on my trip around the world.
The word "Hopi" means "peaceful people". They did not resist strongly
against the Pahana (Whites) in the "Indian Wars," and many of the Hopi
have been jailed for draft resistance. They number less than 10,000 and
live in the Four Corners area, which is where the borders of New
Mexico, Arizona, Colorado and Utah meet, 100 miles from the Grand
Canyon and the Painted Desert.
According to carbon-dated prehistoric rock drawings, Hopi culture dates back
22,000 years. Their oral history deals with even older times,
describing three other worlds prior to the present one, which is the
fourth world. In the first world, humans turned away from spiritual
principles and misused their powers for selfish purposes. This world
was destroyed by major earthquakes, and only a handful of people survived.
The people of the second world repeated the same mistakes again, and the world was destroyed by freezing (the Ice Age).
The third world lasted a long time, and was the time of the Atlanteans,
whose destruction was brought about by those Atlanteans who had become
"two-hearted people" (some say the martians). A two-hearted person is
someone who listens only to their right side, considered by the Hopi to
be evil because it is clever but lacks conscience. The left side,
though awkward, is wise, and is predominant in a "one-hearted person."
Among the survivors of Atlantis was a great chief who had two sons. When the
chief had passed on, the younger son went west to a new land, while the
elder one traveled east where he was to remain unless the younger
brother's way of life was threatened.
The descendants of Younger Brother, the Hopi, made a covenant with the
Great Spirit 1,100 years ago to keep the world's balance, and if their
tradition was lost, it would be catastrophic for all humanity.
The circle with the four O's and cross within [referring to the above
figure] symbolizes the Four Corners Region (where Utah, Colorado,
Arizona and New Mexico meet). The circle represents no beginning and no
end -- the infinite Great Spirit. The Indians believe we are the Fourth
World. When the Third World was destroyed, those Indians who had
listened to the prophets were guided to places of safety underground.
After the Fourth World was created, they assembled at Four Corners and
were instructed to spread out in the four directions. Four (4) also
represents the four elements in nature: fire, water, air and earth; and
the four color races of man: black, yellow, white, and red.
The Indians believe that at the beginning of the Fourth World, when man was
told to disburse throughout the planet, from Four Corners, the White
Race was one of the original races that went East. Upon their return to
our continent, they had become confused and forgotten the ways of the
Great Spirit. Further the prophecy continued, either the White Man
would bring peace and harmony or attempt to totally destroy the Indians' way of life
and take all their possessions and the land. If the latter occurred ,
there would come a time when the Indian people would appear to be
almost nonexistent. Yet, one day, they would rise out of nowhere to
lead a spiritual revolution so that all people on this continent would
become attuned to the Great Spirit and to protect Four Corners at all
costs because there is great power under the land. If it is allowed to
escape, great destruction will result.
The Hopi prophecies warned that the white men or "Pahana" would come to
their land and try and lead them into evil ways. The Hopi were told
that they must hold onto their tradition and their land, though always
without violence. If they succeeded, their land would become a center
from which Spirit would be reawakened, resonating throughout the world.
Frank Waters, author of "The Book of the Hopi," wrote in 1963 that "when the
'heart' of the Hopi land trust is dug up, great disturbances will
develop in the balance of nature, for the Hopi holy land is the
microcosmic image of the entire planet; any violations of nature in the
Four Corners region will be reflected and amplified all over the
Earth," and that what is dug up there (uranium) would be used for
destructive purposes. Thomas Banyacya also wrote of the Four Corners
area: "Great Spirit told Hopi [that Four Corners is] the backbone of
the United States. Hopi must hold land till Human Beings live in harmony."
Also, in the Hopi Prophecy, a white man would come to them and help transform
the entire continent into a spiritual paradise. He would be recognized
because he would carry the fragment of stone which would complete their
Holy Stone, filled with Indian writing characters. The Holy Stone had
been preserved for thousands of years. Thus, when the white settlers
came to the American continent, remembering their prophecy, they were
openly welcomed. The Indians shared all they had. In return, all the
White Man did was to take. The Indians noticed that their White
Brothers had brought a cross. However, it was not enclosed by the
circle of the Great Spirit, thus showing the White Man had lost his way.
Note: For those of you who know about the Mystérieuses Cités d'Or, do you see a resemblance in the prophetie?
Hopi elder Thomas Banyacya has written, "Our true white brother, when he
comes, will be all powerful and he will wear a red cap and cloak. He
will be large in population
and belong to no other religion than his very own. He will bring with
him the sacred stone tablets. Great will be his coming. None will be
able to stand against him." Although it is unclear whether Pahana will
hold the stone tablets in a literal or a symbolic sense, this passage
indicates that he is not a single person, but large in population.
Because Tibetan rinpoches and lamas wear red, and because Tibetan
Buddhism has rituals similar to Hopi ones, especially the making of
sand paintings as a healing and a tool for meditation, many wonder
whether Pahana could be represented, in part, by the arrival of the
Tibetan spiritual community. And traditional Hopi, in recent years,
have initiated meetings with Tibetan holy men to explore this possibility.
This sacred area is being strip-mined for coal and uranium, reducing the
water table and causing radioactive pollution. According to Quail
Littlefield of "People Concerned with Mother Earth," recent discoveries
show that the Four Corners area is not only rich in coal and uranium,
but is also a main source of positive and negative ions in the
atmosphere. It is also said to be one of the few key focal centers in
the world where the energy current must be kept in balance to maintain
a life-giving biosphere. According to some Hopi Elders, if this center
is disrupted, then the atmosphere will become unstable and all life
will perish. Division Amongst the Hopi¹
The Hopi and Navajo have co-existed peacefully on these lands (Four
Corners) for many generations. A "range war" was fabricated to allow
the Bureau of Indian Affairs, through the Hopi Tribal Council, to grant
exclusive mining rights to Peabody Coal Company, which called for the
eviction of Navajo elders to an area that is barren and 60 miles
downstream from uranium-poisoned waters. Forcible removal of the Elders
begins in February, 2000. Hopi Elders Thomas Banyacya and Grandfather Evehema,
as well as many others, have opposed this forced relocation. People
from not only the United States but all over the world have sent letters to Janet Reno, and
other government officials to stop this eviction, which violates the
American Indian Religious Freedom Act 17 and the Religious Freedom Restoration Act 18.
The situation at Four Corners has brought to the surface
a division amongst the Hopi themselves, something that Hopi prophecy
said would occur three times. The first occurred in 1906 between the
Traditionalists (one-hearted Hopi) and Modernists (two-hearted Hopi),
the Traditionalists leaving the mother-village Oraibi to establish a
new home in Hotevilla. The Traditionalists have strived to protect
their way of life and to keep the covenant with the Creator to perform
the ceremonies necessary to hold the world in balance. The
Traditionalists also believe that the Hopi are obligated to the Great
Spirit (Masaau) never to cut up their land, or to sell it.
The second division occurred in 1970 amidst a spectacular lightshow of
unknown origins. The third division has recently taken place between
progressive Hopi belonging to the Hopi Tribal Council and the Traditionalists.
The Hopi Tribal Council was created in part by the Bureau of Indian
Affairs. At the urging of the Department of the Interior of the Untied
States, the Hopi Tribal Council has signed several leases with Peabody
Coal Company, allowing them to strip-mine the sacred mesas, resulting
in the destruction of several ancient burial sites.
In 1996, the Modernists had another victory as sewer and power lines were
brought to Hotevilla. Many considered these to be disruptive to the
sacred prayer ceremonies. In 1997, the sacred prayer bundle was
unearthed -- another desecration. Possibly as a result of these
actions, Grandfather Dan Evehema, considered to be one of the last
traditional elders, left Hotevilla in protest. He passed away less than
a year later, at the age of 108.
Grandfather Dan Evehema had met with many world leaders as well as Native American
ones, and was a respected healer who has spent his life praying for world
peace and upholding the Hopi truth of "Together with All Nations We Hold
This World in Balance." He spoke at the United Nations several times,
and last winter met with the UN Human Rights Violations and Religious
Rights inspectors who recently investigated human rights violations
taking place on Native American reservations. He co-authored "Hotevilla Shrine
of the Covenant" and the "Hopi Survival Kit," and worked on the traditional Hopi newsletter, the Techqua Ikachi for many years.
In the "Hopi Survival Kit" he stated that fuel shortages will bring
technology to a stop -- people will either learn to live in sacredness
with the Earth, or they will perish when "Mother Earth will hide her nourishment."
Grandfather Dan was also one of the Elders involved in bringing the Hopi message to
the United Nations, which was finally accomplished in 1992.
Message to the "House of Mica"¹
The Hopi had prophesied that the world leaders would gather in a Great
House of Mica to try and find peaceful solutions to world problems.
In 1948, Hopi elders ranging in ages from 80 to 100, tried to bring their
message to the newly formed United Nations, but were unsuccessful. They
had seen the "gourd of ashes" (atomic bombs) many years ago, and knew
that it was time to bring their message to the world. Thomas Banyacya
of the Wolf, Fox and Coyote clan, was one of four messengers chosen by
the Elders, and in 1992 he finally succeeded.
In his 1992 address to the United Nations, Banyacya predicted increasing
floods, stronger hurricanes, climate changes and earthquakes, which arewarning
signs from the Creator for us to wake up spiritually.
He spoke of a possible third world war, which some Hopi believe almost
began with the Persian Gulf War, something that is looming on the
horizon yet again. They say this is a time for all to choose peace.
Banyacya also brought up the sanctity of the Four Corners area, and said it had
"a special purpose in the future in order for humankind to survive."
Another part of the Hopi message spoke of the importance of conducting
ceremonies to prevent terrible earth changes. Singing, dancing and fasting are all
part of the necessary work to help heal Mother Earth. Banyacya spoke of
conducting ceremonies in each of the four directions
-- something Chief Arvol Lookinghorse has been doing for the last three
years with the World Peace and Prayer Day ceremonies.
Last year, Banyacya spoke with some Peruvian Elders who wanted to share
their prophecies that soon all indigenous people would come together as one nation.
Unfortunately, he will not see this dream realized in this lifetime, as he passed away this past February at the age of 89.
Another elder involved in the United Nations message was Dan Kachenogva, the
Chief of the Sun Clan who passed away in 1972. He was one of a six-man
delegation which planned to travel to the United Nations in 1959 to try
and deliver their message of prophecy. Their mission was cut short when
a crisis erupted in the Hopi motherland because of the betrayal of
Indian-U.S. land treaties.
Two years before he died, he gave a public talk regarding the prophecies.
Regarding the third and decisive event of the prophecy he stated, "This
[third] event will depend upon the Red Symbol, which will take command,
setting the four forces of nature (Meha) in motion for the benefit of
the Sun. We know certain people are commissioned to bring about the
Purification. It is the universal Plan from the beginning of creation,
and we are looking up to them to bring purification to us. It is in the
rock writings throughout the world, on different continents. We will
come together if people all over the world know about it. So we urge
you to spread this word around so people will know about it, and the
appointed ones will hurry up with their task..." (from "The Return of
Pahana: a Hopi Myth," by Robert Boissiere, Bear & Co., 1990.)
On Prophecy Rock near Oraibi, a pictograph depicts the emergence of the
present world (Fourth World) progressing into the future.
The Great Spirit is represented by the large human figure on the left. The
bow in his hand represents the instructions he left the Hopi to lay
down their weapons.
The present world is separated into two paths. The lower path is followed
by the One-Hearted people, and leads into a Paradise on Earth. The
upper path is that of the Two-Hearted people and leads to
self-destruction. It is the path of technology without spirituality.
Three world-shaking events (believed to be World Wars I and II, and a
third event to come) are depicted by the two circles and half-circle.
The last circle is an event known as the "mystery egg" or Day of
Purification, the severity of which will depend on how many spiritual
people are working toward peace when it occurs. The one-hearted people
will try to lead the two-hearted people (shown as the headless people)
back to the eternal path (lower path). If the two-hearted people
persist in living in ignorance, it will lead to chaos and self-destruction (jagged path).
The lower path is symbolized by a farmer who lives a long and happy life --
as Thomas Banyacya stated in his 1992 address to the UN: "Through a
direct relationship with the Earth, self-reliance becomes the basis for
health, peace, justice and freedom."
The two symbols beneath the lower path represent the two helpers of Elder
Brother. The solar symbol and swastika represent his masculine helper,
and a red cross with lines in between (representing female life blood)
represents his feminine helper. The word for the two helpers is a word
that designates a population, meaning that the two helpers could be two
large groups of people.
Elder Brother and his helpers will arrive to help the Hopi and others who
stay close to traditional ways. If they come from the west, the battle
will be terrible -- the sky will turn red and the earth will shake for
days. This time is known as the Day of Purification, when it is said
that common people the world over will become disillusioned with the
world leaders, and band together to fight for world peace.
According to Chief Dan Evehema when Purification Day nears, we will see a halo of
mist around the heavenly bodies. It will appear four times around the
sun, a warning that people of all color must unite, "that we must
uncover the causes of our dilemmas."
Some, like Roy Little Sun, believe that the Purification can come about
peacefully, by listening to the one heart, and using techniques such as
sacred eating, and synchronizing one's heart with the Sun through
meditation and other techniques. The choice is ours. Let's hope we make
the right one.
My Hopi Experience
I have had a wonderful time with the Hopi couple of days ago (July 20th,
2007). You can see a little bit in my pictures the kind of surrounding
the Hopi live in. Unfortunately, the Hopi are very strict about any
kind of photography, sketching, recording or any
other form of tracking of what they do and so I do not have any
pictures of the Hopi themselves or the Hopi Reserve. You can see in my
pictures however the map of the reserve. It mainly consists of 3 mesas
(table in Spanish) who are in fact little plateau on which they have
settled their villages. The Hopi villages are pretty small. If you take
First Mesa for example, the 3 villages contain approximately 200
people. My guide, who was a lovely 60 years old lady knew them all.
She told me about her youth, the life in the village (Walpi), their
ceremonies and much more. She seemed pretty calm and relax and she has
never left her village all of her life. Walpi was definitely the nicest
village I have seen. Its sandstone houses on the top of a very narrow
cliff, looking hundreds of meters down, on a deserted prairie were
outstanding. The houses looked a bit like those in Star Wars - Episode
I on Tatoine, where Anakin Skywalker grew up. We could see some Oasis
in the distance, where they find the majority of the moisture necessary
to grow their crops. Their crops consist mainly of corn and more corn
and some more corn (different colors of corn that is). Another way
they have to collect the moisture is from collecting the snow received
in the winter. As 4 corners in general is about 6000-7000 feet high,
it gets pretty cold in the winter. Bizarre that such a warm and
desertic place in the summer can be cold in the winter.
I was very intrigued by their ceremonies and after several phone calls
and talking with villagers, I found a village, Hotevilla, who was
willing to accept me the next morning, for their dance ceremonies. They
held these dances a couple of times per month from January to July.
For the Hopis to accept a non-Hopi for one of their dances, is a great
honor. Less and less dances are now opened to the public who have sadly
often trespassed on their rights. And so I camped in the backward of a
restaurant, on a nice sandy desert and made sure I was going to get up
at 5am the next morning. And so at 5am I was up and after a quick
breakfast, I drove to the Hotevilla village, about 15 minutes away.
Although the village was relatively small, it was much more spread out
than I first thought. After parking the car I walked towards the center
of the village. The main road was dirt/sandy and soon what seemed to me
as the village chief or one of his officer welcome me and after
remembering me of their rules, pointed a roof top for me to stand
during the ceremony. The sun was slowly coming up and it was a nice
warm morning. About 1 hour later, most of the village was assembled at
the plaza waiting for the ceremony to start. The plaza consisted of a
central yard (about 200m2), surrounded by 4 two-three stories high
houses. I counted about 500 people sitting on the plaza and roof tops.
I could count about 20 non hopis and it made me feel a little bit
special and of course, out of place. Then eventually, we could start to
hear in the distance, the sound of dogs or perphaps coyotes, owls and
wolves. It was the ceremony beginning. Soon, about 40 men, all dressed
up in the most amazing costumes (called Kachinas) entered the plaza
dancing, chanting in the most perfect harmony. They had high sound and
low sound bells on their legs and their chanting vibrations was really
special. The made various spiral forms during the ceremony. It really took me and soon I was really involved in the ceremony. After
about 2 hours overall, the ceremony came to an end, the spiral broke
off in a very ordered way and the kachinas left the plaza from where
they came from. Everyone left the plaza to go eat breakfast and this
kind of ceremony goes on all day long. The villagers seemed really
happy and everybody was smiling. After quickly talking with some
villagers and saying hellos, goodbuys, I left the village after making
a long walk throughout the village, smiling at the happy children and
admiring the many falcons resting on the Hopies houses.
I have been told afterwards, after giving a lift to a Hopi indian who was
going downhill to another village, that the Kachinas performers have
been praying for 4 days before the ceremony and would be praying for
another 4 days after the ceremony. They are praying for the spirit,
coming from San Francisco Peak (please refer to my Arizona pictures
with the name: around Flagstaff) to bring moisture and balance to the
region. I have also been told that the dancing is a good remedy against
the dancers ego and help them free themselves. I tried to know more
about what he meant by bringing balance to the region (other than
moisture) and try to find out a little bit more about the importance of
the Hopi in the world, but he seemed in a hurry to get about his
I am looking forward to comeback and see them again. Perhaps next time I will get more of my questions answered.
The following was read to the UN General Assembly and to the UN Peoples Assembly¹:
Hopi Prayer for Peace
Great Spirit and all unseen, this day we pray and ask You for guidance,
humbly we ask You to help us and fellowmen to have recourse to peaceful
ways of life, because of uncontrolled deceitfulness by humankind.
Help us all to love, not hate one another.
We ask you to be seen in an image of Love and Peace.
Let us be seen in beauty, the colors of the rainbow.
We respect our Mother, the plant, with our loving care, for from Her breast we receive our nourishment.
Let us not listen to the voices of the two-hearted, the destroyers of mind,
the haters and self-made leaders, whose lusts for power and wealth will
lead us into confusion and darkness.
Seek visions always of world beauty, not violence nor battlefield.
It is our duty to pray always for harmony between man and earth, so that the earth will bloom once more.
Let us show our emblem of love and goodwill for all life and land.
Pray for the House of Glass, for within it are minds clear and pure as ice and mountain streams.
Pray for the great leaders of nations in the House of Mica who in their own quiet ways help the earth in balance.
We pray the Great Spirit that one day our Mother Earth be purified into a healthy peaceful one.
Let us sing for strength of wisdom with all nations for the good of all people.
Our hope is not yet lost, purification must be to restore the health of our Mother earth for lasting peace and happiness.
¹ Mix of information found on the Internet and in some cases my personnal editing