Trip Start Nov 10, 2011
Trip End Dec 03, 2011

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Flag of Israel  ,
Wednesday, November 16, 2011

At the height of his power in 29-22 BCE, Herod the Great built a city over the site of an ancient Phoenician port and dedicated it to Augustus Caesar, the Roman emperor. Flavius Josephus, Jewish historian of the time, wrote of Caesarea in his book "The Jewish War". The period of prosperity lasted in Caesarea until 614 CE after which its economy became more unstable. During the early 12th century and the Crusades, it again became an important city, and was once again used as a port. By the late 13th century, Caesarea had been destroyed by the Mamelukes and was left to be reclaimed by the sand of the Mediterranean Sea, with only a small Arab village remaining.
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