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Flag of Turkey  , Turkish Aegean Coast,
Monday, June 4, 2012

Today we visited Troy and Pergamum .

Troy consists of 9 layers, each being a new town built on the last following fires or earthquakes with the first city being built in 3,000 BC. It's very cool, in one spot you can actually see the cities stacked on top of each other.

It is thought that the 7th Troy is the Troy from the Trojan War as the remains have fire damage but only a small part of the city has been excavation.

We also saw the city ramp where the Trojan horse was pulled in and where the Greeks had smashed the city wall (and later repaired it).

It wa s a very exciting stop for Hana's first visit to Roman Ruins.

That afternoon we stopped at Pergamum some more Roman ruins atop a hill. They were better preserved than Troy, it had an amazing amphitheatre (for 10,000 people) which was overlooking the modern town, an early Roman hospital and the remains of the aqueduct.

The Alter of Zeus was removed by a German Archeologist and now resides in Germany leaving only the foundations in Pergamum.

Pergamum also contained what was at one time the second largest library in the work after the library at Alexandria. The whole library was eventually gifted to Cleopatra by Mark Anthony to be added to the library at Alexandria.

This is also where parchment was first used following the banning of the export of papyrus by the Egyptians.
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