Fort Beausejour

Trip Start Jun 29, 2010
Trip End Oct 24, 2010

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Flag of Canada  , New Brunswick,
Wednesday, October 6, 2010

I went to the UPS store to ship a parcel home then got on the road.  Just into New Brunswick is the Fort Beausejour - Fort Cumberland National Historic Site.  I didn't stop on my way down so it was time to visit. 

Fort Beausejour is famous for the Battle of Fort Beausejour, which was both the final act in the long fight between Britain and France for control of Acadia and the opening act of the final struggle between the two great empires for North America itself.

Back in the 1700's, the British were trying to take this area from the French so they built Fort Lawrence in Sept 1750.   France responded to the construction of Fort Lawrence by building Fort Beausejour - just across the river.  Construction was slow and the fort was still incomplete when the British attacked in June 1755. The Acadian militia joined the French but the British force took control of the fort

In the ensuing months, the British changed the name of the fort to Fort Cumberland and attempted to persuade the Acadians to sign an oath of allegiance to the British Crown.  The Acadians refused, stating they would prefer to remain neutral.   In August 1755, the British began expelling Acadians - the the start of what would come to be known as the Great Upheaval of Acadians.  The British abandoned Fort Lawrence in 1756 and moved into the better facility of Fort Cumberland.  Many Acadians were held prisoner here til they were deported.

Fort Cumberland was abandoned in the later 1780's but was reoccupied and refurbished during the war of 1812.  It was not attacked but did serve as a deterrent.  The fort was finally declared surplus by the British military in 1835 and lay deserted until declared a National Historic Site in 1926. 

Back on the road, I made my way to Fredericton.  Decided to head back through the states so tomorrow I enter the US and check out Maine.  At the hotel, I met some guys on a construction crew who were also staying at there.  Had a few drinks and some good conversation.  Hi, to Danny, Brian & Eric.  And thanks for the t-shirt - it's much appreciated!

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