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Information about Nepal
(Where legends holds truth and heaven meets earth, Nepal the trekker's Paradise)
Imagine a place where you can gaze at the crystalline peaks of the world’s highest mountain range, enjoy the sunrise at it splashes hues of red and orange on blushing mountain ranges, trek from alpine meadows to jungle forests in a day, raft down a glacier-fed river, fly among the peaks of the Everest range, share a meal with a yak herder in his mountain home, track wild elephants and tigers through lush jungles, and enjoy world-class meals with Mt. Everest for company. Think your imagination is working over time? Well, think again. This paradise is closer than you imagined.
The Mountain Kingdom Nepal, is bounded on the north by the peaks of the highest mountains on Earth, the Himalayas. In the south is the incredibly flat Terai region, home to: Tigers, elephants, rhinoceros, and innumerable exotic birds. In between the high peaks and the Terai is an amazing diversity of ecosystems, cultures, and terrains in what is called the ‘middle hills”. From the high Himalayan yak grazing pastures of the Sherpa people, the great capital cities and ancient empires of the middle hills, to the prolific assembly of temples and monuments in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal is characterized by friendly people, colorful traditions, harmonious religious life, and a lively and distinctive cultural tradition. The unique geography and traditional people of Nepal give this small Kingdom a wide breadth of travel options, including: Rafting the snow-melt waters cascading off the high peaks, trekking in the high mountains and traditional villages, mountain biking winding trails, safari in the jungles of the world renowned Chitwan and Bardia National Parks, and touring intimate towns and markets.
Nepal offers wonderful adventure, culture and nature tours / treks , that is not found anywhere in the world. Recently British Magazine wrote that Nepal offers second best trekking trail in the world and it is listed as one of the best place that you must visit before you .... among other 50.
Strength of Tourism in Nepal, why to visit Nepal
Mt Everest - the world's highest peak and many other mountains including 8 of the world's 14 highest peaks. Lumbini - the birthplace of Lord Buddha. Brave Gurkha soldiers are also from Nepal and Nepal offers of the best trekking trails in the world.
If you have the time and energy to trek, don't miss the opportunity to leave Kathmandu and see the spectacular beauty and the unique culture of Nepal. Fortunately for the visitor, there are still only a few roads extending deeply into the hills, so the only way to truly visit the remote regions of the kingdom is in the slowest and most intimate manner - walking. It requires more time and effort, but the rewards are also greater.
Instead of zipping down a freeway, racing to the next "point of interest," each step provides new and intriguing viewpoints. You will perceive your day as an entity rather than a few highlights strung together by a ribbon of concrete. For the romanticist, each step follows the footsteps of Hillary, Tenzing, Herzog and other Himalayan explorers. If you have neither the patience nor the physical stamina to visit the hills of Nepal on foot, a helicopter flight provides an expensive and unsatisfactory substitute.
Seven World Heritage Sites within a radius of 20 km the Kathmandu valley plus 3 other ones
Diverse and multi ethnic culture (more than 40 ethnic group and 70 spoken languages)
World's most famous climbers - the Sherpas
Diverse altitudinal climatic variations providing unique attractions like: Highest Lake.
848 species of birds
More than 640 species of butterflies
7000 species of flowering plants including 350 endemic ones
175 species of mammals
190 species of fish
143 species of moths
180 species of dragonflies
40 % land mass covered by forests
600 indigenous plant families
Rare and endangered species - tiger, rhinos, crocodiles, snow leopard, and red pandas
Diverse adventure activities like rafting, mountaineering, trekking, hot air ballooning, mountain flight, kayaking, jungle safari, mountain biking, Para- gliding, hang - gliding etc.
__________________ More info about Nepal ( weather , climate etc)______________
This is straight out of Lonely Planet, Thank you for the "lonely planet"
There are two major factors to weigh as you decide when to go to Nepal: crowds and weather. As a general rule, the better the weather, the more people come to Nepal to go trekking. During the high tourist season in October and November, flights and hotels are fully booked and hotels and trails in the hills can be horrendously busy.
During autumn the nights are cold in the mountains, but the bright sun makes for pleasant day temperatures - in the high 20s° C, falling to 5° C at night, between 1000 metres and 3500 metres. At higher altitudes temperatures range from about 20° C down to -10° C. Mornings are usually clear with clouds building up during the afternoon, disappearing at night to reveal spectacular starry skies. During winter it is about 10 degrees colder.
Early December usually has a lull, but this is also a good trekking season. The Christmas period is cold, but this is the holiday season in Japan and Australia and these nationalities dominate flights and hotels. High passes, especially Thorung La on the Around Annapurna trek and Laurabina Pass on the Gosainkund trek are usually closed from late November to March. February is still cold; though less so as the spring trekking season of March and April approaches. The Middle Hills, especially around Pokhara, are full of dust and haze in April and May, but the high country is usually clear. Trekking tapers off in the heat of May except at high elevations.
The monsoon is a good time to visit Kathmandu, but there are few trekkers among those who come. A monsoon trek is possible if you are willing to put up with the rain, leeches, slippery trails and lousy mountain views. Flights operate throughout the monsoon to Lukla, Jumla and Jomsom, so it is possible to fly in and trek above the leech line.
Many of the new treks to recently opened restricted areas are good summer treks. Mustang and Simikot are partially in the Himalayan rain shadow, so trekking conditions are good throughout the monsoon season. Most of the restricted area treks are impossible during the winter season.
Nepal has four distinct seasons. Spring, from March to May, is warm and dusty with rain showers. Summer, from June to August, is the monsoon season when the hills turn lush and green. Autumn, from September to November, is cool with clear skies, and is the most popular trekking season. In winter, from December to February, it is cold at night and can be foggy in the early morning, but afternoons are usually clear and pleasant, though there is occasional snow in the mountains.
Because Nepal is quite far south (at the same latitude as Miami and Cairo) the weather is warmer and winter is much milder at lower elevations, including Kathmandu at 1400 metres. It rarely snows below 2000 metres.
The monsoon in the Bay of Bengal governs the weather pattern. The monsoon creates a rainy season from the middle of June to the middle of September. It is hot during the monsoon and it rains almost every day, but it is a considerate rain, limiting itself mostly to the night. During this season, trekking in most of Nepal is difficult and uncomfortable. Clouds usually hide the mountains and the trails are muddy and infested with leeches.
It usually does not rain for more than one or two days during the entire autumn season from mid-October to mid-December. During winter and spring there may be a week or so of rainy evenings and occasional thunderstorms blanket the hills with snow. The Himalaya makes its own localised weather, which varies significantly over a distance of a few km. Despite the sanguine assurances of Radio Nepal that the weather will be "...mainly fair throughout the kingdom", always expect clouds in the afternoon and be prepared for occasional rain.
Most of the precipitation in the Himalaya occurs during the summer monsoon. There is less snow on the mountains and on many of the high trails during winter. Everest itself is black rock during the trekking season, becoming snow-covered only during summer. There are always exceptions to this weather pattern, so be prepared for extremes. Winter snowstorms in December and January may make an early spring pass crossing difficult and can present an avalanche danger, especially on the approach to the Annapurna Sanctuary.
In Kathmandu, spring and autumn days are comfortable and the evenings are cool, usually requiring a light jacket or pullover. Winter in Kathmandu brings cold foggy mornings and clear evenings, but pleasant day temperatures with brilliant sunshine most days after the morning fog has lifted. It never snows in Kathmandu, though there is frost on cold nights in January and February. The hottest month is May, just before the rains start.
Temperatures in Kathmandu are as follows: Maximum Minimum ° F ° C ° F ° C
: October - 88 31 58 14
: January - 66 19 37 3
: April - 84 29 46 8
Temperatures in the Everest Region average 20 to 30° F (10 to 15° C) colder than the above figures up to about 14,000 feet, the highest point reached on a short Everest trek. Near Pokhara, temperatures are 5 to 10° F (3 to 5° C) warmer than Kathmandu. Remember that it will often feel quite cold because you will be outdoors all day