Set in a narrow gorge on the Yesilirmak (Iris) River, Amasya dates from the third century B.C.The ruins of the citadel - where an Ottoman Palace and a secret underground passageway remain-rise from the craggy rock. Hewn into rock above the city, impressive Roman rock tombs are lit at night creating a spectacular image. The beauty of Amasya's natural surroundings and its splendid architectural legacy have combined to endow the city with the accolade of one of the most beautiful cities in Turkey. Among the sights of interest for visitors, the 13th century Seljuk Burmali Minare Mosque, the Torumtay Tomb and Gok Medrese, the 14th century Ilhanid Hospital with lovely reliefs around its portal, the 15th century Sultan Beyazit Mosque complex and the unusual octagonal Buyuk Aga Medrese (koran school) should not be missed.
Traditional wooden Turkish mansions, or konaks, on the north bank of the Yesilirmak River in the Hatuniye quarter (Yaliboyu), have been restored to their former splendor, and some of these have been turned into guest-houses. The restored 19th century Hazeranlar Konagi, one of the loveliest,now houses an art gallery on the first floor and the Ethnography Museum on the second. The Archaeology Museum has an interesting collection of regional artifacts including mummies of the Mongol jihanid rulers of Amasya.Cafes, restaurants, tea gardens and parks line the riverside and provide tranquil spots from which to enjoy the city's romantic atmosphere. From the top of Cakallar Hill you have a beautiful view of the city.Just 50 km northeast of Amasya amid magnificent mountain scenery, Borabay Lake is a popular place for day trips. Amasya is surrounded by orchards which produce some of the world's most delicious apples.